In 2012, there were several other fatal school shootings, including the February 27 shooting in Chardon, Ohio, where alleged gunman T.J. Lane shot five people, killing three. On April 2, former Oikos University student One L. Goh returned to his Korean Christian college and shot dead seven people. A massacre at a movie megaplex at the Aurora Century 16 cinema in July left 12 dead and wounded 58 others.
Virginia Tech - 32 dead plus the shooter, 16 April 2007, Blacksburg, Virginia
Student Seung-Hui Cho, 23, killed two students in a dorm and then went through building of classrooms armed with two handguns, shooting at random before killing himself. Seventeen others were wounded.
Sandy Hook Elementary School – 26 dead plus the shooter, 14 December 2012, Newtown, Connecticut
The most recent mass shooting occurred mere weeks ago in a quiet town in Connecticut. Shooter Adam Lanza, 20, fatally shot his mother in the face before driving to the school, where he gunned down 20 children and six educators in a matter of minutes before turning the gun on himself.
University of Texas - 16 dead plus shooter, 1 August 1966, Austin, Texas
Former Marine sniper Charles Whitman, 25, armed with an arsenal of weapons, shot victims from the observation deck of the campus bell tower and later shot himself.
Columbine High School - 13 dead plus two shooters, 20 April 1999, Littleton, Colorado
Students Eric Harris, 18, and Dylan Klebold, 17, opened fire outside the school killing students and one teacher before shooting themselves in the library. Another 21 people were injured. Many victims, such as Richard Castaldo, sustained life-altering injuries. Castaldo was paralyzed by a bullet and lives his life in a wheelchair.
Red Lake High School - Nine dead plus shooter, 21 March 2005, Red Lake, Minnesota
Jeffrey Weise, 17, shot and killed his grandfather and his grandfather’s girlfriend on an Indian reservation, before going on a shooting spree at Red Lake High School killing nine people. He then turned the gun on himself.
Oikos University – Seven dead and three wounded, 2 April, 2012, Oakland, California
Former Oikos University student One L. Goh, 42, allegedly planned the massacre at the Northern California university following a tuition dispute. He shot seven people A judge ruled earlier this month that Goh was not mentally fit for trial and suffered from paranoid schizophrenia.
California State University, Fullerton – Seven dead, three wounded, 12 July, 1976
Gunman Edward Charles Allaway, 37, worked as a custodian at the university’s library. He used a rifle purchased at a local K-Mart to shoot dead a librarian, two custodians, a photographer, and other staffers. Following the shootings, he was diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia and remains at a state hospital in San Bernardino.
Nickle Mines schoolhouse - six dead plus shooter, 2 October 2, 2006, Nickel Mines, Pennsylvania
Charles Carl Roberts IV, 32, executes five girls aged 7 to 13 before killing himself in a one-room Amish schoolhouse; ten girls were shot in total, one of the victims was removed from life support in 2006; other survivors suffered brain injuries and vision problems
University of Iowa - five dead plus shooter, 1 November 1991, Iowa City, Iowa
Gang Lu, 27, a graduate student from China, killed five with a .38-caliber revolver. He was apparently angry because his doctoral dissertation had not been nominated for an academic award
Northern Illinois University – five dead plus shooter, 14 February 2008, DeKalb, Illinois
Shooter Steven Kazmierczak, 27, a former student of the university, entered a lecture hall on the campus around 3pm on Valentine’s Day and opened fire. In total, five people were killed and 20 more were wounded. The gunman committed suicide.
Westside Middle School - five dead, 24 March 1998, Jonesboro, Arkansas
Mitchell Johnson, 10, and Andrew Golden, 8, took seven guns to school and pulled the fire alarm and shot students as they headed for the exits. Four female students died, as well as a teacher; nine students and an additional teacher were wounded. The pair were sent to a juvenile detention center and released in 2005.
Cleveland Elementary School - five dead plus shooter, 17 January 1989, Stockton, California
Patrick Edward Purdy entered a schoolyard and opened fire with a semiautomatic rifle at Cleveland Elementary School. Five children died and 30 others were wounded including one teacher. He then shot himself.
Kent State University – four dead, 4 May 1970, Kent, Ohio
National Guard troops killed four students who were protesting the Vietnam War on the campus of Kent State University in Ohio. The gunman fired 67 rounds over a period of 13 seconds. Nine additional students were wounded and one was permanently paralyzed.
Contrary to popular belief, the deadliest attack on a school in the United States was not because of gun violence. Rather, it happened when a school board treasurer blew up the Bath Schoolhouse in Michigan. Andrew Kehoe, 55, spent several months rigging bombs to the Bath Schoolhouse in Bath Township, Michigan. The May 18, 1927 disaster killed 43 people, including 38 children. Kehoe also murdered his wife, and committed suicide by detonating his vehicle